A standard can be either an absolute or a minimum benchmark.
An example of an absolute standard would be the mass of the International Prototype Kilogram (IPK). This one-kilogram object of platinum-iridium alloy has a mass which is exactly equal to the mass of one litre of water. It cannot be lighter than a kilogram nor can it be heavier than a kilogram. It must be absolute.
A minimum benchmark specifies what is the minimum acceptable level of quality, dimensions, safety and characteristics of a product. Unlike an absolute standard, the minimum benchmark level can be exceeded. Most, if not all Australian kitchen standards relate to minimum benchmarks.
Kitchen standards provide uniformity across the entire Australian kitchen industry. I have put together the most relevant Australian kitchen standards together with a brief scope below.